CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY

What is Varicosis?

Varicose which is one of the most common diseases in the World which is the valves that help to carry the blood in the veins from the bottom up become evident by the expansion of the veins due to not working well. When the flaps are not fully closed, some of the blood that is carried upwards runs backwards causing the lower veins to expand. The flaps move away from each other as the expansion increases and the vessel width increases with the leakage. It may lead to the formation of wounds called 'varicose ulcers' because the circulation will deteriorate If this condition is untreated. It is most commonly seen in the limbs. Although there is a risk of being seen in all veins. The capillary problem is seen as a cosmetic problem. On the other hand, vein dilation have to be taken seriously as a disease that must be treated. Vessel dilatation due to valve degeneration is the main problem. It increases the complaints causing leg wounds and clotting when It’s not treated.

What are the risk factors for varicose?

  • Long standing, hard working and inactivity
  • Having seen in family (first-degree relatives)
  • Pregnancy
  • Puberty
  • Menopause
  • Using contraceptive regularly
  • Being over 50 years old
  • Overweight, obesity.

What are the symptoms?

The veins started to become visible outside the skin, cramps accur, burning, itching, pain and heaviness in the legs.

Will the varicose heal it self?

Varicoses seen in pregnancies can usually heal by it self in 2-3 months after birth. Other varicoses must be treated. Untreated varicose veins deepen and complaints increase. The hemorrhage that starts on the veins causes wound hard to heal.

What are the treatment methods?

It is possible to divide into two as surgical and non-surgical methods. The surgical method is the one that prolongs the daily return to life. On the other hand, patient can able to return to their daily activities during the day if prefer non-surgical method. Varicose veins that could be treated with surgery in the past, now became treatable with non-surgical methods. 

In our hospital, Variceal Therapy with Radio Frequency Method is successfully applied. This method is available in two different implementatio which are intravenous and intradermal. 

The method applied over the skin is usually limited to capillaries. A needle inserted to the varicose by under the knee. After, a thin radiofrequency catheter is placed and energy is applied at 120 ° C with color doppler image support. It works by making millimetric touches to the capillaries with the thin tip. 

Intravenous method is performed with ultrasonic device. Varicose vein is detected and a very thin wire is inserted inside. Giving energy to the wire that moved along vein is destroyed the vessel. This method is very successful as cosmetically. RF ablation can be performed either under local anesthesia or under general anesthesia. The patient does not need to be hospitalized after the practise.

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